Today is March 27 and the Navigate the Chaos question to consider is “how often do you think about what you fail to notice?” Scottish psychiatrist R. D. Laing noted “The range of what we think and do is limited by what we fail to notice. And because we fail to notice that we fail to notice, there is little we can do to change; until we notice how failing to notice shapes our thoughts and deeds.” Laing wrote extensively on mental illness – in particular, the experience of psychosis-a condition of the mind that results in difficulties determining what is real and what is not real. Laing's views on the causes and treatment of psychopathological phenomena were influenced by his study of existential philosophy and ran counter to the chemical and electroshock methods that had become psychiatric orthodoxy.
Questions stemming from Laing’s observation include:
· How has the range of what you think and do been limited by what you fail to notice?
· Why do you think it is so difficult for people to understand the concept “we fail to notice that we fail to notice?”
· Have you been stuck in a situation unable to change?
· After today’s reflection, how likely are you to now think about what you fail to notice as a means to change your life situation?
This failing to notice concept can trace its roots back thousands of years to the origins of Buddhism. According to legend Siddhārtha Gautama belonged to the Kshatriya clan of the Sakya and born in Lumbini near Kapilavastu in Nepal. His father was the king of the Sakya clan and believed his son to be destined to be a great king himself. The king confined his son the prince to live within the palace walls and surrounded him with earthly pleasures of women, food, and luxury. This allowed the king to conceal the realities of life from his son.
After leading a sheltered existence surrounded by luxury and pleasure in his younger years, Prince Siddhārtha ventured out of his palace for the first time at the age of 29. He set off from the palace to the city in a chariot, accompanied by his charioteer Channa. On this journey he first saw an old man, revealing to Siddhārtha the consequences of aging. When the prince asked about this person, Channa replied that aging was something that happened to all beings alike. The second sight was of a sick person suffering from a disease. Once again, the prince was surprised at the sight, and Channa explained that all beings are subject to disease and pain. This further troubled the mind of the prince.
The third sight was of a dead body. As before, Channa explained to the prince that death is an inevitable fate that befalls everyone. After seeing these three sights, Siddhārtha was troubled in his mind and sorrowful about the sufferings people endure in life. After seeing these three negative sights, Siddhārtha came upon the fourth sight, an ascetic or holy man, some who lives a lifestyle characterized by abstinence from sensual pleasures, who had devoted himself to finding the cause of human suffering. This sight gave him hope that he too might be released from the sufferings arising from being repeatedly reborn, and he resolved to follow the ascetic's example.
After observing these four sights, Siddhārtha returned to the palace, where a performance of dancing girls was arranged for him. Throughout the performance, the prince kept on thinking about the four sights of sickness, aging, death, and holy man. In the early hours of morning, he finally looked about him and saw the dancers asleep and in disarray. The sight of this drastic change strengthened his resolve to leave in search of an end to the suffering of beings. Siddhārtha then left the palace to begin an ascetic life, at the end of which he attained enlightenment as Gautama Buddha.
The legend of Buddha illustrates what R. D. Laing would write about thousands of years later: “The range of what we think and do is limited by what we fail to notice. And because we fail to notice that we fail to notice, there is little we can do to change; until we notice how failing to notice shapes our thoughts and deeds.” Siddhārtha had a limited knowledge of the world because his father kept him in a sheltered existence. Siddhārtha failed to notice aging, sickness, death, and holy man because he failed to notice that he failed to notice. It was impossible for him to change because he was simply unaware that he was unaware. The four sights woke Siddhārtha up to reality, and according to legend, altered the course of human history.
How often do you think about what you fail to notice?